Nihoa Island
one of the forbidden Hawaii'an Islands
by Wolfgang Schippke, DC3MF
My special Thank to Mr.Ted Brattstrom (NH6YK) for his pictures and informations


Map<= Nihoa Island from a seamap


Nihoa Island is a solitary islet, located about 120 miles northwest of the main Hawaii Islands. It is located on 23N03 and 161W55. The island is about 1900 meters from east to west, about 700 meters wide and rises in the northwest on Miller'sPeak to 272 meters, on Tanager Pinnacle in the east to 266 meters. The island consists of two ancident volcanos, connected by a barrier of lava. The island is situated on a flat underwater table, 3 to 5 meters deep, rising steeply from depth of 300 meters. Except in the Adams Bay the island has 30 to 90 meter vertical cliffs. Only in Adams Bay's north east side, there is a small stony beach, where landing is possible during clam weather.

Nihoa is like all other north wester Hawaiian islands, a nature reserve. Today it is known, that on the island are living more than 50 diferent kinds of endemic animals and about 12 endemical plants. The Nihoa Island is one of the rare place for the special Hawaiian Monk Seal, of which only 500 animals are known all over the globe.

PictureThe Nihoa Island was inhabited about 1000 years ago and known as a holy island by the Hawaiian people. Archeologist found several stony people, known from the Easter Island. Also on several places the ruines of stony houses were found.

The first European discovered the island wer the both British Colett and Duncan with the ships 'Pince of Wales' and 'Princess Royal' on the 21th of March 1788.


Literature:
/1/ John Eliot "Hawaii's FarFlug Wildlife Paradise", in Nat.Geo., May 1978
Nihoa Island is a resicted area under the owenership of the Hawaii'an Fish and Wildlife Service. Any stay and landing needs a special permit by the Hawaii'an Government, the US Office for Nature Reserve and of the Hawaii'an Fish and Wildlife Service. Since 1978 the reefs are absolutely closed for public visits. (updated: May 08.1997)